"Coaches hold conversations in which clients identify their strengths and values and learn to anchor them ...tapping into those strengths when challenges and difficulties arise. Dr. Martin Seligman, a founding father of positive psychology and strengths-based interventions, posed an Authentic Happiness Coaching model in which scientific studies revealed that greater life satisfaction is largely a learned art.
The field of health coaching has become increasingly sophisticated as it draws from a growing body of evidence-based coaching psychology, positive psychology, adult learning theory, motivational interviewing (MI), and new findings in neuroscience. Health coaches tap into theoretical frameworks and conceptual models including self-determination theory, adult development theory, learning theory, MI, transtheoretical model, social cognitive theory, internal family systems, locus of control, self-efficacy model, appreciative inquiry, and nonviolent communication techniques. The training and education for health coaches concentrate on more than 50 years of research in social psychology, health promotion, organizational leadership, behavioral and positive psychology, and the latest findings in neuroscience and the workings of the brain."
- Coaching vs Psychotherapy in Health and Wellness: Overlap, Dissimilarities, and the Potential for Collaboration; Meg Jordan, PhD, RN, CWP, United States; John B. Livingstone, MD, FRSH (UK), United States